Currently finished projects

My bachelor thesis

Striving for sustainable development is an essential and broadly accepted goal. However, different aspects of sustainability may sometimes be at odds with each other, such as (urban) development conflicting with nature conservation. A sustainable society necessitates, on one hand, residences, infrastructure, and a stable economy, and on the other hand, nature values and healthy ecosystem services.

Trade-offs, historically favoring development at the expense of nature, have led to a concerning decline in biodiversity, prompting alarms for the need to reverse this trend for the sake of planetary health. Ecological compensation has been proposed as a regulatory tool, but its effectiveness is contentious, raising questions about its fundamental viability or potential improvements through adjustments in scope or objectives.

In my bachelor thesis, I explored whether ecological compensation, with a net gain objective, can establish a better equilibrium between urban development and the preservation of natural values, thus counteracting the ongoing loss of biodiversity, last but not least in Sweden. I examine England’s ongoing attempts to achieve such an net gain objective through legal requirements and then delve into Sweden’s conditions for implementing a similar goal.

Climate Impact of Different Meeting Formats:
A Review and Comparison of the CO2 Emissions from Physical, Digital, and Hybrid Gatherings.

Meetings constitute an indispensable aspect of most operations and can manifest in various forms, encompassing small internal gatherings, informational sessions, seminars, or large conferences. Traditionally, meetings have involved participants traveling, sometimes over considerable distances, especially in the case of larger conferences and business trips. Many professional gatherings are part of a vast global events industry, accounting for as much as 10% of annual CO2 emissions.

The restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic necessitated an increased reliance on alternative meeting formats, such as digital gatherings, live broadcasts, and hybrid productions, concurrently stimulating their evolution and technical capabilities.

While some digital meetings were perceived as a somewhat unsuccessful substitute for in-person encounters, it was recognized that many digital or hybrid meetings proved highly effective, were more cost-efficient, and time-saving. Additionally, the climate benefits of digital meetings compared to physical gatherings were highlighted. This, in recent times, has given rise to a series of scientific research projects and articles in the field, forming the basis for this research project.

The answer to the question of general guidelines for the climate impact of meeting formats is nuanced and can be summarized as context-dependent. The environmental friendliness of a digital alternative becomes more apparent when there are more and longer flights or car trips required for a physical meeting. Conversely, a physically attended meeting with low-carbon transportation may emerge as the environmentally preferable option when a digital meeting is data-intensive and time-consuming. Providing advice on an eco-friendly approach for productions must begin with a careful information gathering in dialogue with the client, acknowledging the need for reasonable trade-offs between the self-interest of securing projects and the pursuit of the best possible climate benefits.

(This project was undertaken in collaboration with and under the guidance of Sustainalink. The client for this endeavor was the advertising agency Hybrid State, located in Scania)

Contribution of Maintenance to Sustainable Development
Development of a Valuation Model for the Sustainability Value of Maintenance

Humanity’s exceptional ability to shape its surroundings, establish secure societies, and drive prosperity has presented extraordinary opportunities but has also yielded alarming consequences. The use of fossil fuels and overexploitation have resulted in climate change, described as the greatest threat in history to human security and prosperity, risking the destabilization of ecosystems upon which humans and many other species are critically dependent (IPCC 2019).

Against this backdrop, global climate goals have been established to limit damage and counteract this trend (IPCC 2018; Naturvårdsverket u.å.). Achieving these goals requires a comprehensive transition, particularly by the global industry, which significantly contributes to the global increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere in various ways (An et al. 2022). This political initiative, coupled with a growing demand for sustainable goods and services, has spurred the development of sustainable business models and modifications across various industries.

Maintenance is a crucial aspect of many operations, especially for large industrial players whose activities rely on continuous flows, where unplanned interruptions are both resource-intensive and costly (Holgado, Macchi & Evans 2020). Optimized maintenance practices can not only reduce economic losses due to production downtime but also conserve materials, extend equipment lifespan, and contribute to overall sustainability. Yet, it has been observed that the optimization of maintenance has not been prioritized for an extended period, with issues addressed only when they arise (Karuppiah, Sankaranarayanan & Ali 2021).

In today’s context, with increasing demands for sustainable production, the choice of maintenance method holds significant potential to lower environmental impact and enhance sustainability for businesses. This capacity seems evident to many players in the maintenance industry, including Idus AB, which offers decision support systems combined with AI sensors for a condition-based, predictive maintenance model. However, it is perceived that tools are lacking to showcase and communicate the sustainability potential of the industry and its intrinsic values to prospective customers. This has led to an investigative mission to determine whether maintenance contributes to sustainable development and if there are ways to make this more visible than it is today, forming the context for this work.

(This project was undertaken in collaboration with and under the guidance of Sustainalink. The client for this endeavor was the Scanian company Idus AB, provider of maintenance systems)


IPCC (2019). Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems [P.R. Shukla, J. Skea, E. Calvo Buendia, V. Masson-Delmotte, H.- O. Pörtner, D. C. Roberts, P. Zhai, R. Slade, S. Connors, R. van Diemen, M. Ferrat, E. Haughey, S. Luz, S. Neogi, M. Pathak, J. Petzold, J. Portugal Pereira, P. Vyas, E. Huntley, K. Kissick, M. Belkacemi, J. Malley, (eds.)]. In press.

IPCC (2018). Summary for Policymakers. In: Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, H.-O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, A. Pirani, W. Moufouma-Okia, C. Péan, R. Pidcock, S. Connors, J.B.R. Matthews, Y. Chen, X. Zhou, M.I. Gomis, E. Lonnoy, T. Maycock, M. Tignor, and T. Waterfield (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, pp. 3-24, doi:10.1017/9781009157940.001

Naturvårdsverket (u.å.). Parisavtalet. [2023-03- 15]

An, X., Si, G., Xia, T., Liu, Q., Li Y. & Miao, R. (2022). Operation and Maintenance Optimization for Manufacturing Systems with Energy Management. Energies 15, 7338. [2023-03-24]

Holgado, Macchi & Evans (2020). Exploring the impacts and contributions of maintenance function for sustainable manufacturing. International Journal of Production Research, 58:23, 7292-7310 [2023-03-26]

Karuppiah, K., Sankaranarayanan, B. & Ali, S. M. (2021). On sustainable predictive maintenance: Exploration of key barriers using an integrated approach. Sustainable Production and Consumption 27: 1537–1553. [2023-03-23]

Ongoing projects

Author’s workshop: Graphic Novel

Embark on a thought-provoking journey into the intricate web of life with this unique project – a graphic novel that delves into the profound realm of biodiversity. As our planet faces unprecedented challenges due to human activities, this narrative seeks to unravel the mysteries surrounding the intricate dance of species. Explore the intricate questions surrounding biodiversity: How do humans perceive and receive the vibrant tapestry of life? What forces propel the destruction of biodiversity, and how do we grapple with the profound sorrow that accompanies loss and change resulting from species extinction. And what does Biodiversity say about it all?